and its surrounding area was originally home to Native American Indian tribes and Spanish cattle ranches. In 1913, most of the peninsula was purchased by a real estate syndicate organized by banker Frank Vanderlip Jr., who planned to develop the peninsula into luxurious country estates and recreational facilities. The plan included polo grounds, a marina an an airfield as community amenities. Following World War I these plans were significantly scaled down, which resulted in the residential development of Palos Verdes Estates and the Miraleste area.
the Rolling Hills acreage was sold to the Palos Verdes Corporation, headed by A.E. Hanson, who envisioned creating a private, gated community of homes on one to five-acre parcels. One of the Corporation's first steps was to adopt general deed restrictions and create the Rolling Hills Community Association as the community's first governing body.
As the community grew, bridle trails, riding rings and tennis courts were built and the Women's and Caballero's clubs were formed. These clubs and amenities helped new and old residents meet, and maintained a sense of community as the population grew. In 1957 Rolling Hills was incorporated as a city.
Despite expansion and increased development in the Los Angeles area in subsequent years, Rolling Hills has maintained much of the rural character of the original development. In his book, Rolling Hills, the Early Years, A.E. Hanson offers words of caution to his reader, "Open space is an irreplaceable asset."
These enduring principles of open space and aesthetic continuity along with a strong sense of community make Rolling Hills the special place it is today!